User-Driven Network Selection during Vertical Handover in 4G Networks

Abubakar Muhammad Miyim, Mahamod Ismail, Rosdiadee Nordin


The importance of network selection for wireless networks, is to facilitate users with various personal wireless devices to access their desired services via a range of available radio access networks. The inability of these networks to provide broadband data service applications to users poses a serious challenge in the wireless environment. Network Optimization has therefore become necessary, so as to accommodate the increasing number of users’ service application demands while maintaining the required quality of services. To achieve that, the need to incorporate intelligent and fast mechanism as a solution to select the best value network for the user arises. This paper provides an intelligent network selection strategy based on the user- and network-valued metrics to suit their preferences when communicating in multi-access environment. A user-driven network selection strategy that employs Multi-Access Service Selection Vertical Handover Decision Algorithm (MASS-VHDA) via three interfaces; Wi-Fi, WiMAX and LTE-A is proposed, numerically evaluated and simulated. The results from the performance analysis demonstrate some improvement in the QoS and network blocking probability to satisfy user application requests for multiple simultaneous services.


Network Selection, Handover, LTE-A, Algorithm, MADM.

Full Text:



ITU-R ITU’s Radio communication Sector. ITU Paves Way for Next-Generation 4G Mobile Technologies - ITU-R IMT-Advanced 4G standards to usher new era of mobile broadband communications., 2014.

Abd Elhamid, M. T., Najab Abu Ali and Hossam S. Hassanien, ―LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX, 1st Edition‖, Wiley Publications, India: 2012.

Ormond, O., Miro-Muntean, G., and Murphy, J., ―Network Selection Strategy in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks‖, Proceedings of Conference on Heterogeneous Wireless Netorks, Information Technology and Telecommunication, (IT&T), 2005, pp.

Wang, H. Laurenson, D. I., and Hillston, J., ―A General Performance Evaluation Framework for Network Selection Strategies in 3G-WLAN Interworking Networks‖, IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2013, 12(5): 868-884.

Gozalvez, J., Lucas-Esta˜n, M. C., and Sanchez-Soriano, J., ―Joint Radio Resource Management for Heterogeneous Wireless Systems‖, Journal of Wireless Networks, 2012, 18 (4): 443–455.

Hasswa, A., N. Nasser, and H. Hassanein, ―Generic Vertical Handoff Decision Function for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks‖, Proceedings of IEEE Second IFIP International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks (WOCN). Dubai, UAE, 2005, pp. 239 - 243.

Park, J., and Chung, J., ―Network Selection Based on Network Service Zone for Macro Mobility‖, Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Interaction Sciences: Information Technology, Culture and Human. ACM, 2009, pp. 295–299.

Mohamed, L., C. Leghris, and A. Abdellah, ―A Intellligent Network Selection Strategy Based on MADM Methods in Heterogeneous Networks‖, International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks (IJWMN), 2012, 4 (1): 83-96.

P. Tran and N. Boukhatem, ―Comparison of MADM Decision Algorithms for Interface Selection in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks,‖ 16th International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks, SoftCOM , 2008, pp. 119 –124.

E. Stevens-Navarro, D. M. Jose, and P. R. Ulises, ―Wireless Multi-Access Environments and Quality of Service Provisioning: Solutions and Application‖. IGI Global, 2012, ch. Multiple Attributes Decision Making Algorithms for Vertical Handover in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks, pp. 52–72.

Martnez-Morales, J. D., U. Pineda-Rico, and E. Stevens-Navarro, ―Performance comparison between MADM algorithms for vertical handoff in 4G networks‖, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing, Science and Automatic Control (CCE), Tuxtla Gutierrez, 2010,pp. 309 - 314.

Horrich, S., Jamaa, S.B., and P. Godlewski, ―Adaptive Vertical Mobility Decision in Heterogeneous Networks‖, Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Communications (ICWMC '07), 4-9 March 2007 Guadeloupe, pp. 44.

Nasser, N., A. Hasswa, and H. Hassanein, ―Handoffs in Fourth Generation Heterogeneous Networks. IEEE Communication Magazine”, 2006, 44(10):96-103.

C. Perkins, ―IP Mobility Support for IPv4: RFC3220‖, Network Working Group, 2002.

C. Perkins, D. Johnson, and J. Arkko, ―Mobility Support in IPv6: RFC6275‖, Network Working Group, 2011.

Shahriar, A., Atiquzzaman, M., and Ivancic, W., ―Route Optimization in Network Mobility: Solutions, Classification, Comparison, and Future Research Directions‖, IEEE Communications & Surveys Tutorials 2010, 12(1): 24 - 38.

Bchini, T., Tabbane, N., Tabbane, S., Chaput, E., and Beylot, A.-L., ―Fuzzy Logic Based Layers 2 and 3 Handovers in IEEE 802.16e Network‖, Journal of Computer Communications, 2010, 33(18): 2224–2245.

Hua, Z., Gong, B., and Xu, X., ―A DS-AHP Approach for Multi-Attribute Decision Making Problem with Incomplete Information‖, Journal of Expert Systems Application 2008, 34(3): 2221–2227.

Barolli, L., Xhafa, F., Durresi, A., Koyama, A., and Takizawa, M., ―An Intelligent Handoff System for Wireless Cellular Networks using Fuzzy Logic and Random Walk Model‖, IEEE International Conference on Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems, 2008, pp. 5 –11.

Chamodrakas, I., and Martakos, D., ―A Utility-based Fuzzy TOPSIS Method for Energy Efficient Network Selection in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks‖, Applied Soft Computing, 2011, 11(4):3734-3743.

O. Ormond, J. Murphy, and G.-M. Muntean, ―Utility-based Intelligent Network Selection in beyond 3G Systems,‖ IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC ’06), vol. 4., June 2006, pp. 1831 –1836.

Kassar. M., and Jamalipour, A, ―An Analytical Evaluation of Mobility Management in Integrated WLAN-UMTS Networks‖, Journal of Computer Electronics Engineering, 2010, 36(4): 735–751.

Pervaiz, H., ―A Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Network Selection Model Providing Enhanced QoS Differentiation to Customers‖, Proceedings of International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Information Technology(MCIT), 2-4 March 2010, Sharjah, pp.49-52.

Trestian, R., Ormond, O., and Muntean, G.-M., ―Reputation-based Network Selection Mechanism using Game Theory‖, Journal of Physical Communication, 2011, 4(3): 156 – 171.

Sgora A., Gizelis C. A., and Vergados D. D., ―Network Selection in a WiMAX-WiFi Environment‖, Journal of Pervasive and Mobile Computing, 2011, 7(5): 584-594.

Haldar, K. L., Ghosh, C., and Agrawal D. P., ―Dynamic Spectrum Access and Network Selection in Heterogeneous Cognitive Wireless Networks‖, Elsevier Journal of Pervasive and Mobile Computing, 2012, 9(4): 484–497.

Kim, Y., Pack, S., Kang, C. G., and Park, S., ―An Enhanced Information Server for Seamless Vertical Handover in IEEE 802.21 MIH Networks‖, Journal of Computer Networks, 2011, 55(1): 147–158.

Hillston, J., ―Process Algebras for Quantitative Analysis‖ IEEE Proceedings of the 20th Annual Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS’05), pp.239-248, June 2005.

Bertsekas, D., and R. Gallager, ―Data Networks. 2 edition‖, Prentice-Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River: 1992.

Shakhov, Vladimir, ―Simple Approximation for Erlang B Formula‖, IEEE Region 8 International Conference on Computational Technologies in Electrical and Electronics

Engineering (SIBIRCON)‖, 11-15 July 2010 Listvyanka Russia, pp.220 - 222.

Bakmaz, B. M., ―Network Selection Equilibrium in Heterogeneous Wireless Environment‖, Journal of Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika, 2013, 19(4):91- 96.